This is the Java API for the Socrata Open Data API (SODA). You can look at the devloper site (http://dev.socrata.com/) for a deeper discussion of the underlying protocol.
NOTE: if you are considering using this library for data publishing we strongly recommend using our DataSync Java SDK as it is our recommended Java SDK for data publishing. Find the detailed documentation on the DataSync SDK here.
The API is broken into several logical parts:
- The Producer api provides functions to add/update/delete objects for datasets that are updated frequently, or for updates that are small. The advantage of this api is that the changes do NOT require a working copy or to use the publishing cycle at all, so there is no overhead of copying the dataset data around.
- The Consumer api provides a rich, simple query language called SoQL. SoQL is based off of SQL, and the Consumer api provides methods to build, execute and consume the results for these queries.
- The Workflow api provides functions for creating and publishing working copies of datasets. These are required for any changes in a dataset's schema or for the large, bulk changes using the import API
- The DDL api provides functions for creating/updating/deleting datasets or columns on datasets.
- The Import api provides functions for importing files into datasets. This can be used for creating a dataset as well as replacing or appending to datasets.
This library is built using two "Layers" or interaction. The HttpLowLevel class takes care of much of the common HTTP and URL wrangling required by SODA, but does not deal with any unmarshalling of results.
The Soda2Consumer, Soda2Producer, SodaDdl, SodaImporter and SodaWorkflow classes are built on top of the HttpLowLevel class. They build upon it to use Jackson to do marshalling from the JSON to Java Objects.
If you want to actually see any of these examples working. You can take a look at the class
in the test directory, which has a working version of these examples.
The consumer API is simple. The following example will issue two requests, one will return the results from the "test-data" dataset,
as the JSON string. The other will return the results as the
Nomination java objects:
Soda2Consumer consumer = Soda2Consumer.newConsumer("https://sandbox.demo.socrata.com", "firstname.lastname@example.org", "OpenData", "D8Atrg62F2j017ZTdkMpuZ9vY"); //To get a raw String of the results ClientResponse response = consumer.getHttpLowLevel().query("nominationsCopy", HttpLowLevel.JSON_TYPE, SoqlQuery.SELECT_ALL); String payload = response.getEntity(String.class); System.out.println(payload); //Get get this automatcally serialized into a set of Java Beans annotated with Jackson JOSN annotations List<Nomination> nominations = consumer.query("nominationsCopy", SoqlQuery.SELECT_ALL, Nomination.LIST_TYPE); TestCase.assertTrue(nominations.size() > 0); System.out.println(nominations.size());
Along with the consumer API, is a builder class to make it easier to build the SoQL queries. For example, to query for the name, position and nomination date of nominees for the Department of State, sorted by position:
//Create a SoQL query to find the nominations for the Department of State SoqlQuery departmentOfStateQuery = new SoqlQueryBuilder() .addSelectPhrase("name") .addSelectPhrase("position") .addSelectPhrase("nomination_date") .setWhereClause("agency_name='Department of State'") .addOrderByPhrase(new OrderByClause(SortOrder.Descending, "position")) .build(); nominations = consumer.query("nominationsCopy", departmentOfStateQuery, Nomination.LIST_TYPE);
A "Producer" is an object that allows us to actually add, remove or modify rows in Socrata. To do these operations, you
simply need to get an instance of a
Soda2Producer. This is similar to the earlier
Soda2Consumer class with the
addition CUD operations.
CRUD on Objects
SODA2 also provides mechanisms for creating, updating or deleting individual rows. In this example, we will add, update and then delete Nomninations for a dataset that has test White House Appointee Nominations in it.
final Nomination NOMINATION_TO_ADD = new Nomination( "New, User", "Imaginary Friend", "Department of Imagination", null, new Date(), null, null, null ); //This is the White Nomination Java Bean, that I want to update to final Nomination NOMINATION_TO_UPDATE = new Nomination( "New, User", "Imaginary Friend", "Department of Imagination", null, new Date(), new Date(), true, null ); //Get the producer class to allow updates of the data set. final Soda2Producer producer = Soda2Producer.newProducer("https://sandbox.demo.socrata.com", "email@example.com", "OpenData", "D8Atrg62F2j017ZTdkMpuZ9vY"); //Get get this automatically serialized into a set of Java Beans annotated with Jackson JOSN annotations Meta nominationAddedMeta = producer.addObject("testupdate", NOMINATION_TO_ADD); //Update the nomination Meta nominationUpdatedMeta = producer.update("testupdate", nominationAddedMeta.getId(), NOMINATION_TO_UPDATE); //Delete the nomination producer.delete("testupdate", nominationUpdatedMeta.getId());
Upsert based on a stream
The library also allows callers to upsert based on a CSV file or stream.
Soda2Producer producer = Soda2Producer.newProducer("https://sandbox.demo.socrata.com", "firstname.lastname@example.org", "OpenData", "D8Atrg62F2j017ZTdkMpuZ9vY"); InputStream inputStream = getClass().getResourceAsStream("/testNominations.csv"); UpsertResult upsertResult = producer.upsertStream("testupdate", HttpLowLevel.CSV_TYPE, inputStream);
Easiest way to import a CSV file
The library makes it simple to upload a CSV file and create a new dataset.
final SodaImporter importer = SodaImporter.newImporter("https://sandbox.demo.socrata.com", "email@example.com", "OpenData", "D8Atrg62F2j017ZTdkMpuZ9vY"); //Create the dataset from the CSV and set the RowColumnIdentifier to "name" final DatasetInfo nominationsDataset = importer.createViewFromCsv(uniqueName, "This is a test dataset using samples with the nominations schema", NOMINATIONS_CSV, "Name"); importer.publish(nominationsDataset.getId());
Import or Replace GeoSpatial Files
You can importing GeoSpatial data files as new Mondara datasets or replace GeoSpatial files of existing Mondara datasets. Supported formats are .kml, .kmz, and .zip (ESRI Shapefile).
final SodaImporter importer = SodaImporter.newImporter("https://sandbox.demo.socrata.com", "firstname.lastname@example.org", "OpenData", "D8Atrg62F2j017ZTdkMpuZ9vY"); // Import a new GeoSpatial File (as Mondara dataset) GeoDataset newDataset = (GeoDataset) importer.createViewFromShapefile(GEOSPATIAL_FILE_TO_IMPORT); // Replace an existing GeoSpatial (Mondara) dataset (EXISTING_DATASET_ID might be something like 'abcd-1234') GeoDataset replacedDataset = (GeoDataset) importer.replaceViewFromShapefile(EXISTING_DATASET_ID, NEW_GEOSPATIAL_FILE);
Update dataset metadata
final SodaImporter importer = SodaImporter.newImporter("https://sandbox.demo.socrata.com", "email@example.com", "OpenData", "D8Atrg62F2j017ZTdkMpuZ9vY"); // Load the dataset you wish to update metadata (EXISTING_DATASET_ID might be something like 'abcd-1234') // NOTE: requires creating a working copy of the dataset DatasetInfo loadedView = importer.createWorkingCopy(EXISTING_DATASET_ID); // To update primary metadata use these methods loadedView.setName("New title"); loadedView.setDescription("New description"); // ... // To update custom metadata create a Metadata object with a map of Metadata fields to values you wish to update Map
> customMetadataToUpdate = ImmutableMap.of("Dataset Summary", (Map ) ImmutableMap.of("Organization", "DDDDDD")); Metadata metadata = new Metadata(customMetadataToUpdate, null, null, null, null); // Actually perform the metadata update loadedView.setMetadata(metadata); importer.updateDatasetInfo(loadedView); importer.publish(loadedView.getId());